Elite study 1994

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Research Design

As part of the European Representation Study, three elite studies were carried out: the European Candidates Study 1994, the Study of Members of the European Parliament 1996, and the Members of National Parliament Study 1996. The survey among the Members of European Parlament was  financially supported by the German Science Foundation.

Study of Members of the European Parliament 1996

The study was conducted among representatives of the European Parliament of the following countries: Belgium (BE); France (FR); Germany (DE); Greece (GR); Ireland (IE); Italy (IT); Luxembourg (LU); Netherlands (NL); Portugal (PT); Spain (ES); Sweden (SE). The data was collected between May and June 1996.

How to cite this data: Weßels, Bernhard; Kielhorn, Achim; Thomassen, Jacques (1999): Members of the European Parliament Study 1996. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA3078 Data file Version 1.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.3078

Codebook

Study of Members of the European Parliament 1996

Questionnaire

Study of Members of the European Parliament 1996

GESIS Data Archive

The data for the Study of Members of the European Parliament 1996 is archived at GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

European Candidates Study 1994

The study investigates candidates running for the European Parliament 1994. The number of candidates varied from country to country. Since not all candidates were known at the beginning of the study, not all addresses were available. While some national investigators decided in favour of a sample of the candidates, others decided to opt for a census of the candidates. Thus, great variation of the return rates emerged from country to country.

How to cite this data: de Winter, Lieven; Bryder, Tom; Linch, Philip; Norris, Pippa; Chavel, Cecile; Weßels, Bernhard; Kielhorn, R.; Marsh, Michael; Sola, Giorgio; Gardella, Louisa; Thomassen, Jacques; et.al. (1999): European Candidates Study 1994. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA3077 Data file Version 1.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.3077

Codebook

European Candidates Study 1994

Questionnaire

European Candidates Study 1994

GESIS Data Archive

The data for the European Candidates Study 1994 is archived at GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Members of National Parliaments Study 1996

The study was conducted among representatives of the national parliament in the following countries: Belgium (BE), France (FR), Germany (DE), Greece (GR), Ireland (IE), Italy (IT), Luxembourg (LU), Netherlands (NL), Portugal (PT), Spain (ES), Sweden (SE). The data was collected between April 1996 and July 1997.

How to cite this data: Weßels, Bernhard; Kielhorn, Achim; de Winter, Lieven; Dumont, Patrick; Ysmal, Colette; Kakepati, Manina; Marsh, Michael; O´Sullivan, M. C.; Gardella, Louisa; Thomassen, Jacques; Bandeira, Ch. Leston; et.al. (1999): European Members of National Parliament Study 1996. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA3079 Data file Version 1.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.3079

A detailed documentation of the three studies can be also found in Appendix 1 of Schmitt and Thomassen, eds. (1999), Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Codebook

European Members of National Parliaments Study 1996

Questionnaire

European Members of National Parliaments Study 1996

GESIS Data Archive

The data for the European Members of National Parliaments Study 1996 is archived at GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences